Andemar Dust & Ice Control Ltd.

Ice Control

Andemar offers a number of the highest quality of De-Icers on the market. We at Andemar Dust and Ice Control Ltd., pride ourselves on providing extensive education and technical support for all our liquid De-Icers, which will save our customers valuable time and money. There are several options to combat snow and ice that we have found to be effective. They are:

  • Pre-wetting 
  • Pre-Event Anti-Icing 
  • Post Event De-Icing

The following information will allow you to make an educated decision that will best suit your individual needs…  

Pre-wetting

Studies show that traffic from as few as five cars can knock off 80% of solid ice-melting material, such as rock salt.  Conclusive findings from research points out, that pre-wetted salt is more effective than dry salt for snow and ice control. The research, conducted by Dr. Liping Fu and his research team at the University of Waterloo for the Ontario Ministry of Transportation, found that, under the same conditions and application rates, salt pre-wetted with Liquid Calcium Chloride Brine out-performed dry salt by as much as 40 percent in terms of reducing snow cover. As well reduced the salt usage application by as much as 30%.

 

 

Pre-Event Anti-icing

Anti-icing is a proactive approach to snow and ice control. Treatment consists of applying Liquid Calcium Chloride (CaCl2) Natural Brine to pavement as close as possible to the beginning of an event. Treatment creates a barrier to minimize snow and ice from bonding to pavement. This allows accumulated snow to be pushed off the road easier.  Allows for maximum efficiency of snow removal equipment.  It also makes post-storm cleanup easier and faster.

 

De-icing Post Event

Perhaps most important in deicing applications is the superior deicing speed and power of Liquid Calcium Chloride (CaCl2) Natural Brine. 28% Liquid Calcium Chloride (CaCl2) Natural Brine resists evaporation, which means longer-lasting effects, even as ice and snow melts and the solution becomes diluted.

 

Perhaps most important in deicing applications is the superior deicing speed and power of Liquid Calcium Chloride (CaCl2) Natural Brine. The chart below shows the time it takes Liquid Calcium Chloride Brine to melt 1/8″ of glare ice, as compared to rock salt.

Liquid Calcium Chloride Brine creates heat

Another distinguishing characteristic of Liquid Calcium Chloride Brine is that it gives off heat as it dissolves. This heat-releasing feature exists with liquid forms when calcium chloride content is high. Other common chemicals need to be heated to dissolve into a solution. The advantage of the heat properties when dealing with hard packed surfaces is the ability to breakdown these stubborn roads.  See below for a comparison of other common deicers.

Product Heat of Solution
BTU/lb*
Liquid Calcium Chloride Brine +290
Magnesium Chloride +125
Sodium Chloride -39

 

Liquid Calcium Chloride Brine is more effective than other products*

“CaCl2 has been used as a freeze-proofing additive to salt since the 1940s. Experience has shown the use of CaCl2 to have an advantage over NaCl because it is hygroscopic; i.e., it will absorb moisture from air at a relative humidity (RH) of 42 percent and higher. This serves to keep the salt crystals on the pavement after the bulk of the water has evaporated or been removed by traffic. In contrast, salt by itself will dry up and much will blow away.”**

It was found that Liquid Calcium Chloride Brine (CaCl2) was the most effective agent under the conditions tested, regardless of the dry salt rate and pre-wetting ratio. Liquid Calcium Chloride Brine (CaCl2) out-performed MgCl2 by 9.5% to 71.4% and NaCl by 37.5% in terms of average snow cover, the research states.

 IMG_0339

Application Tips

  • Apply using stream nozzles so materials are distributed directly on the wheel paths.

  • Anti-icing is often effective for heavy frosts.

  • Apply chemicals early in frost conditions or light freezing drizzle.

  • When conditions could produce frost or black ice, apply on selected sections of the roadway (e.g., bridge decks). Consider spot applications on hills, curves, and intersections.

  • When possible, apply material during low-traffic periods.

  • Do not apply chemicals under excessively windy situations.

  • Reapplication may not be necessary.

Please click on any of our products below for their technical data sheet

Application Rates

The following sources can be used to do more research on Liquid Calcium Chloride Brine:

*University of New Hampshire (pdf) – http://www.t2.unh.edu/fall07/prepare_win_ops.pdf

*Ontario Ministry of Transportation (pdf) – http://www.ogra.org/lib/db2file.asp?fileid=13920

*Road Talk, the digest of the Ontario Ministry of Transportation, a copy of which can be found HERE.

* Federal Highway Administration, Manual of Practice for an Effective Anti-icing Program: A Guide For Highway Winter Maintenance Personnel, retrieved from http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/reports/mopeap/mop0296a.htm, December, 2009.

*Not all photos on this site are property of Andemar Dust Control LTD.